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119th and 120th elements of the proposed naming and moskoviem Oganesian


Joint Institute for Nuclear Research suggested the names for the 119 and 120 of the elements of the periodic table. According to a press release of the Ministry of Education and science of the Russian Federation, JINR proposed to the International Union of pure and applied chemistry (IUPAC) to name their Moscovy, in honor of the Moscow region and ohaneze, in honor of Yuri Tsolakovich Oganesyan, head of the scientific laboratory of nuclear reactions JINR, co-author of 104-107 discoveries of elements of periodic system. To receive the comment of the press service of the JINR failed.

“The discovery of new chemical elements proves the leading position of the Russian fundamental science, – said the Minister of education and science of the Russian Federation Dmitry Livanov, speaking at session of Committee of Plenipotentiaries of the governments of member States of JINR, -. I am convinced that in the name of the new chemical elements should be immortalized the contribution of the Russian science”.

Previously, Victor Matveev, JINR Director, said that the name Moscovy can get the 115th element of the periodic table. About this physicist said at a meeting with Moscow region Governor Andrei Vorobyov. The name derives from the location of the city of Dubna and JINR, where for the first time and was synthesized a new element.

Attempted synthesis of annenia (119) and unlikely (120) have previously been undertaken. So, in 1985, the 119-th element of trying to get a group from the Berkeley superHILAC accelerator. However, in the reaction between the target of Einstein and calcium ions a single atom of the new element wasn’t found. Indirect evidence about the synthesis of 120th element were received in 2006-2008, the European scientists, during the attempted synthesis of unicade on a Large national accelerator of heavy ions.

119-й и 120-й элементы предложили назвать московием и оганесием

The dependence of the stability of an isotope the number of protons and neutrons. In the right corner you can see “the island of stability” of superheavy elements. Wikimedia Commons


Physicists from JINR reported about the plans of the synthesis of element 119 previously, but the results were not published. The attempted synthesis of 120th element was made by Russian scientists in 2007, but a single one born of the atom were recorded. On 20 January 2016 119 and 120 was considered the element of IUPAC is not open, the message about the change of their status as international organization has not published.

Earlier, on 30 December 2015, IUPAC confirmed the discovery of the elements with numbers 113, 115, 117 and 118. At the moment their name is derived from the numerals corresponding to the numbers. IUPAC has given priority to opening 115, 117 and 118 elements at JINR and the Lawrence Livermore and oak ridge national laboratories. Priority of the discovery of element 113 given to Japanese physicists from RIKEN, however, that the decision contested by the Russian side.


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