Still little we know about China. And we understand even less
24 March in China came to visit the head of the Russian presidential Administration Sergei Ivanov to meet with his counterpart Lee Jangsu, head of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist party. A meeting scheduled for the formal opening of the Media summit, suddenly culminated in a meeting with the country’s leader XI Jinping, and also with the head of the Central Commission for discipline inspection, “party secret police” – Wang Qishan. Last for a long time, due to its political work, does not accept foreign guests, except for Henry Kissinger, whom he met in November of 2015.
Photo by Sergey Ivanov and the leader of China, without announcement in the press met with XI Jinping, hung on the home page a news aggregator Baidu and other major media two days – a rare honor for a rare guest, appeared in Beijing, according to Lee Jangsu, in “old friend”.
“Political trio”, with whom he met Sergey Ivanov, is the ideological and political core of the group XI Jinping, in which Jangsu, in addition to the position of head of Secretariat, head of the Committee for state security (2014), the newly established education deduced from under the control of party, state and army and the state security service and subordinate only to XI Jinping.
Lee Jangsu, the head of the Secretariat or personnel services of the Central Committee of the CPC is a rare case when the head of the internal service has the functions of a diplomat. These functions are quite limited: Whether Changshu specializes only in relations with Russia, and de facto responsible for this field in “Microsoft XI Jinping’s”: coordination action in the field of propaganda, military-industrial complex, mutual visits, mutual parades. Judging by the recent visit of Russian colleagues, which can be described as unplanned and unprecedented level of meetings, in relations between the two countries has seen radical changes, which should culminate in the visit of Vladimir Putin in June 2016 in Beijing, it is possible that it was about the expansion of cooperation in the military-industrial complex and until recently the issue about sozdaniiu China and Russia of a free trade zone in one form or another, but not only. The main theme of the visit, as paradoxical as it sounds, could become Russia “Corporation XI Jinping” caught in a difficult situation.
As a result of certain reasons “Corporation XI Jinping”, the triumphal conducted uprooting of the old cadres of the Communist party from the hands of Wang Qishan, and spreading new hands Do Jangsu – received a powerful rebuff opponents: during the “Two sessions” in China and Hong Kong began an open propaganda campaign against the country’s leader, leading to the requirement of loyal anonymous followers the resignation of XI Jinping.
Chinese “a state planning Committee” acted directly contrary to the claims of the leader of the country, and the financial unit instead of continuing devaluation took hard kursna only on the preservation of the Renminbi, but also on its partial revaluation. In addition, in political Affairs was intensified, the Chinese Prosecutor’s office, previously only obediently took numerous listings from corrupt officials Wang Qishan. Opponents of XI Jinping did not want to meekly watch their political death, and took decisive course of struggle for survival.
In this situation, when XI Jinping organized pressure from domestic opponents and from the United States and its allies, drastically changed their tactics in the field of deterring Chinese threats, the support of Russia, despite the numerous difficulties in which the country increases manifold.
The Crimean war and the Opium war 2.0
After the Crimean war in the mid-19th century impact of Western forces transferred from Russia to China, and the current situation unfolding in the country can be described as “Opium war 2.0”. Despite all the obvious differences between Qing China and the current situation at the structural level are extremely similar, and similar to the situation of the 19th century, but that does not predetermine a similar outcome.
By the early 19th century, the Qing Empire, preceding the current Republican regime in China, has reached the peak of its economic power, becoming the first economy in the world, which accounted for 20% to one third of global GDP. The Empire was not just “Assembly line” or “the largest market in the world”, but the largest exporter at that time the only product with high added value – luxury in the form of porcelain (china), tea, silk and other specific supplies of the East. Regulating exports through state-owned corporations under the coordination of the Jesuit order, served as the eyes and ears of the Qing court, the Empire managed to become the main beneficiary of the industrial revolution of the West – despite the fact that English and Dutch machines produced value added and expanded European trade, derived from trade silver eventually settled in the hands of the Qing monarchy, not without reason, imagines himself the center of the world.
Trade with European countries was the loss in Europe, which practically had nothing to offer China, producing all their own, and in addition tightly closed all the ports of the country from contact with foreigners, except the South China Guangzhou and Russian Kyakhta, Russian caravan, who had come to Beijing several times a year. European creativity in the face of Adam Smith and David Ricardo, the European industrialist and driven from the pastures of Wales, grazier, and dealer tulips in Amsterdam and all of enlightened Europe and America and India – all this worked on a large Golden chest of “gold clan” Aisin Gioro.
The situation decided to break the British, having established that the illegal export of opium to China, and by restoring the trade balance to 1833. The main beneficiaries of the opium trade Guangzhou (and Hong Kong branches), and then Shanghai narkokarteli, Ostindiska company and the British crown, which has happened through the state to break the Taiping in South China a huge gap for illegal trade, and thereby completely destroy the state monopoly and the financial system “first world economy”, becoming the main beneficiary of world trade, and as a consequence, the world leader. The consequence of the Opium wars was the creation of the territory of China several modes of militarists, were entirely dependent on the West and the drug trade.
Despite taking place today in China “methaphetamine war”, the Chinese market pays tribute to Western manufacturers not drug use, which supplies the Chinese market and even exports of “domestic manufacturer” in Guangdong, and the use of technology – particularly in electronics and computer systems.
Making a prediction that China today stands on the threshold of a “new Opium wars” it would be too bold, however, not to mention a few obvious signs characteristic of the situation of the 19th century and today. First of all, from 2015, against a slight decline in exports from China, fell sharply, the import of Western products in China trend for the closure of their market. The trade imbalance at the time was the main reason for the preparation of the opium wars. In turn, if earlier funding from the Chinese economy has been pumped expensive oil (up to 50-60% of China’s oil is imported) and dependence on chips – but today the situation is changing dramatically, especially considering the fact that the Chinese have a record of stravovanie the largest exporter of chips to locate production in Guizhou province, which is also closely linked with our hero Lee Jangsu.
The last and most obvious similarity is unfolding in China “netipiski movement” in the face of various secessionist forces in southern China and the group of “scouts”, are actively committed to increasing the participation of Western capital in the fate of the Chinese economy.
Opium war were closely intertwined with the history of the Crimean war – Anglo-French (Norman) trading and industrial Corporation was not able to focus simultaneously on the armed forces of the Russian and Chinese direction, so the impact on the empires, the heirs of Genghis Khan, alternated. The Russian Empire proved more resilient in resisting the West, and less important from the point of view of capital outflows than China – and the main impact of Western forces struck the Qing dynasty, against which the West has launched a real hybrid war by supporting ideologically, financially and information and the Taiping rebellion, which killed about 50 million people, which is comparable to the number of victims of the Second world war.
At the end of the Crimean war Anglo-French coalition, in conditions of full-scale civil war in which the Qing monarchy, the planned capture of the North Chinese capital of Beijing, and probably the colonial form of government for the collapsed North and South of China. From such a scenario China has saved the position of Russia, which according to official sources, China has provided military assistance and prevented the capture of the capital of the Anglo-French coalition. In reality we are talking about a full-scale participation of Russia in repelling Western aggression against China. The participation of Russia could be so massive and deep that the facts about it are not published and now, 150 years later. It is unlikely that the attack on Beijing, you could prevent a “diplomatic negotiations” and “weapons transport”, which according to legend brought diplomatic Graf Ignatiev in Beijing.
Today for China, this “Graf Ignatiev” is Sergey Ivanov, and its main negotiating partner – Lee Jangsu – the right hand of XI Jinping. It is not excluded that this comparison comes to mind and the Chinese have so much studying in the last few years the history of the Qing dynasty and even comparing it with the current position of China in the pages of the leading party Internet sites.
“Your tiger” Lee Jangsu
Like XI Jinping – Li Jangsu born in the year of tiger (1950) – “the red Prince”. Lee, whose family hieroglyph translates as “Chestnut” and the name “Changshu” – as “a letter about the Declaration of war”, the grandson of the famous “red Governor” – the Deputy Governor of Shandong province Li Sivana. All relatives of Jangsu actively participated in anti-Japanese liberation movement on the side of the Communist party of China and the people’s Liberation army.
The researchers of the current political portrait of the group XI Jinping, are making a serious error, calling it “Maoists”, while the XI Jinping and his father, Lee Jangsu and his relatives, as well as Wang Qishan, and many other colleagues from the group of C were not parties to and victims of the Cultural revolution, launched by Mao Zedong against his old guard. If you move the situation in the USSR, one can imagine that the authorities in Russia took some remnants of the “Lenin guard”, remaining under Stalin, and in fact were descendants of the nobility. This explains the specificity of “Chinese princes” and the name “tai Chi Dan” – the party of the princes. Princes of the Manchu court.
Lee Jangsu – a hereditary Prince, whose grandfather was supposed to have begun when the Communists shepherd (放养倌), but in reality, as in the history of post-revolutionary Russia, the shepherds were made the sons and grandsons of the Cossack atamans, who had faithfully served the king. The same biography and XI Jinping, whose father started in the army warlord MA, and became Governor of Guangdong during the early Mao, and subjected to public humiliation and removal from all positions during the Cultural revolution, as an enemy of the people and counterrevolutionary. Grandfather Lee Jangsu was killed during the cultural revolution, and Changshu, and XI Jinping, have been subjected to humiliation and was an outcast for about 10 years. Good for hardening healthy sense of political hatred to opponents.
The enemy of the “Shanghai group”
The Cultural revolution had passed, and Whether Jangsu, graduating from the evening (Chinese night) a financial institution, like many children subjected to repression of the old guard, began a fairly rapid movement up the career ladder, occupying the position of the head of the Communist Chinese in the “suburbs” – the surrounding Beijing, Hebei province, and by the end of 90-ies once in the regional Committee of the province. Here career is still young policy could end forever between a member of the regional Committee of Changshu and first Secretary of the province, Chen Weigao (1933-2010), member of the group “the Shanghai kid” Jiang Zemin, as well as “the young head of the tax authority” Does Janem (executed in 2003) had a serious conflict, because of which the future of Jangsu, for the second time, came into question.
However disgraced If taken to native province the current General Secretary XI Jinping Shaanxi, where he not only becomes a model mayor of the provincial capital XI’an, making it the center for the future of the “silk road”, but later moved to the post of Deputy Governor of the province (2002-2003). At “Komsomol” the General Secretary Hu Jintao’s career is the enemy of “Shanghai people” develops at the same speed – the Deputy Governor of Shaanxi is moved in the border province Heilongjiang – Chinese Cupid is called, “river of the Black dragon”, where when Hu Jintao took the position of second Secretary and Deputy Governor of the province (the improvement on the party line), and by the time of the approval of XI Jinping’s official successor, Hu Jintao, became Governor of the province, where he worked for seven long years, having to understand the complex the specifics including the Sino-Russian cross-border relations.
In the biography Lee Jangsu is “Komsomolskaya spot” on which the commentators often speculate that seeks to influence the attitude of XI Jinping and Li. During the work in Hebei Lee Jangsu for several years led the local regional Committee of Komsomol. Contrary to speculation, assignment to the regional Committee or, rather, obliged one of the family, closely associated with the local Komsomol movement since the days of the anti-Japanese war, when the socialist youth League of China was independent of the Communist party organization. So If not a direct protégé of Hu Jintao, while on the other hand, is not an enemy of “the Komsomol group”. In the Chinese Heilongjiang high (the growth of Jangsu 180 cm) who loves the fight, took, apparently, is good, especially because the majority of immigrants in Heilongjiang originate from close to Changshu Shandong province.
Since the approval of XI Jinping as future successor Hu Jintao in 2009, Jangshu career is developing rapidly: according to the rules, even without being appointed a member of the Politburo he holds the position of first Secretary of the poor and “the red” region of China – Guizhou province (there will be located in the future American Qualcomm), right at hand the future chief opponent of XI Jinping at the 18th Congress of the mayor of Chongqing Bo Xilai. Here at the same time is the future head of the Land forces Whether Tsochen in the rank of Deputy commander of the Chengdu military region. It is not excluded that these two figures who are equally affected by the “group of Shanghai” has played a key role in preventing the coup d’état that had been prepared in 2012 by Bo Xilai, and his protégé Zhou Yongkang. Last, as expected, had a direct link with the “Shanghai people”. In
18 July 2012 – at the peak of the struggle of XI Jinping and Bo Xilai on the eve of the 18th Congress of Jangsu released position of the secret Committee and huberator Guizhou, and his career again hangs in the air, until the appointment of XI Jinping as General Secretary of the Communist party of China, when Jangsu was assigned to the personnel smithy of the Central Committee – the Secretariat of the CPC Central Committee.
In the southern province of Guizhou during the appointment of the new Governor launched an active campaign of denigration in the press, including cling nicknamed “the official from the three Northern provinces” (“Sanibel Ganibu”, which can be read as “the official three glasses”), and obstinate, “tiger” nature of Jangsu. For PR campaign of the appointee from the si team even published a book with the biography of Lee and his history of his family.
Personal diplomat XI Jinping
Jangsu Lee accompanied XI Jinping in almost all foreign travel and is essentially a think-tank foreign policy group, XI Jinping, where the main element is not the USA and Russia. We are not talking about friendship, sacrifice the Union and the more ideological proximity – but there were circumstances and the balance of power in the Chinese political game.
Second in the political Troika
Today in a difficult situation for the group XI Jinping – Li Jangsu, which is essentially the head of personal intelligence XI Jinping – the state security Committee, raised above the party, government, army and intelligence services, and also combines this position with the coordinator of staff and foreign policy, can be called the second after XI Jinping the man. This position he shares with the head of “party police”, the Central Commission for discipline inspection Wang Qishan, also forms the ideological agenda of the group.
It is not excluded that Jangshu will become a new member of the Standing Committee of the Politburo and with the fight for that position associated activity in the work with the staff – it was he who initiated the announcement of XI Jinping as “indigenous leader” and the imposition of the oath of allegiance to indigenous leader from County party secretaries. Due to increased efficiency If Jangsu called “thousand-mile horse”, while detractors called him a “dark horse”, since all of his new posts he gets suddenly, working as the most important invisible figure, XI Jinping, on key areas.