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What new costs and opportunities will have the Russians on April

Какие новые расходы и возможности появятся у россиян с апреля

What new costs and opportunities will have the Russians on April

From April employers will be obliged to develop the instructions on labor protection in the production of food products.



Pensions will increase

The first of April will be the increase of social pensions by 4 per cent.

It is provided by the Federal law of the Russian Federation of 29 December 2015 N 385-FZ “On suspension of certain provisions of legislative acts of the Russian Federation, amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation and the peculiarities of the increase in the insurance pension, fixed payments to insurance pensions and social pensions”.

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In monetary terms the increase for some categories of recipients of social welfare pensions will average from 145 to 348 rubles and above.

Social pensions in Russia are getting invalids, children-orphans, living in the far North, the old-age pensioners.

In the latter case, it is people who lack the necessary experience to have an occupational pension. And they are charged with social, when men turn 65 and women 60.

But other pensioners, this increase does not apply. Their indexation took place on 1 February and the second now expected in the second half of the year, if the state of the Federal budget. The social pension is indexed only once a year.

Save us from fake fur

In Russia will be less counterfeit fur. In the future, experts hope, they will disappear. According to Federal tax service, the country introduced a uniform labelling of products from natural fur.

Sale of fur coats, sheepskin coats and hats unmarked with радиочастотнымиRFID-tags(Radio Frequency Identification) will be banned. While this pilot project.

On the Russian market the volume of illegally imported and manufactured products made of natural fur, including unsafe for health of citizens “coats with unknown quality and without documents”, up to 80 per cent

“The markings will tell the buyer the necessary information about the product, regulated by the law “On protection of consumer rights”, — told “RG” Svetlana Burtseva, attorney luberetskiy bar Association. Mark brings to consumers, sellers, experts and regulatory authorities information allowing to identify goods to establish their compliance with applicable laws, Standards, contracts on product supplies, quality and safety”.

According to the expert, by itself, labeling will not affect the price of the goods. However, the buyer can be constrained by the lack of budgetary variants of fur products, import of which was previously permitted without labelling.

And one more thing. On the website of the Federal tax service agreed that the project on the labelling of fur products pilot, like an expert. So, test, experimental, implemented to explore the positive and negative sides chipping of fur products. Thus, the decision on whether the widespread introduction of this idea into practice later.

Gasoline excise taxes added

From 1 April the rate of excise on petrol rises to two rubles per liter, diesel fuel by one ruble per liter.

This is stated in the Federal law of the Russian Federation dated February 29, 2016 N 34-FZ “On amending article 193 of the Tax code of the Russian Federation”.

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“In my opinion, most likely, this increase in excise tax sellers still will pass on to the final consumer, i.e. the price of gasoline at filling stations will increase, — told “RG” Anton Krasko,expert аналитикMFX Broker.

In favour of this scenario and advocates hotly debated the statement of the Vice-President of“LUKOIL” that because of the growth of excise rates on petrol stations will have to raise “at least” two rubles, and the latest report of the Bank of Russia on main directions of monetary policy in which full migration growth of excise on the consumer is considered as the baseline scenario.

Though is the stipulation that the reduction of demand and other reasons can force the sellers to take some of the losses themselves.”

However, the Federal Antimonopoly service and the Ministry of energy promised to prevent a sharp rise in price of petrol prices to take control and not allow them to overtake inflation.
Rate of excise duty on petrol fifth grade from April 1 to December 31, 2016 is estimated 10,13 thousand rubles per ton.

For gasoline that does not meet the fifth grade, 13,1 thousand rubles per ton. Excise duties on diesel fuel will amount 5,293 thousand.

Mobile operators will respond faster

April 2, cellular operators and postal service will respond to customer complaints in half the time.

This binds them to the Federal law of the Russian Federation of March 2, 2016 N 42-FZ “On amending article 55 of the Federal law On communications and article 37 of the Federal law “On postal communication””.

The operator must now consider the claim and inform about the results of his client within 30 days (before 60 days) from the date of registration of the complaint. The answer can be sent in paper form or in electronic form

But there is an exception. For claims with long-distance and international telephone communication, as well as with international roaming, the term of consideration of complaints will remain the same. New requirements do not apply to letters and parcels transferred within the same locality.

The food industry will be instructions security

From April employers will be obliged to develop the instructions on labor protection in the production of food products.

This is stated in the order of the Ministry of labour of Russia No. 550н from 17 August 2015 “On approval of Rules on labor protection in the manufacture of certain types of food products.”
It comes to bread and pasta, baking yeast, sugar, molasses, confectionery, food concentrates, starch,fruit-vodnospirtova, juices, alcoholic and soft drinks.

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“Unfortunately, not all entrepreneurs engaged in the production of food products, know about the new rules coming into force from April this year. And strict compliance with them will require additional investment, — told “RG” Vladimir starinskij, managing partner of the bar “starinsky, Cartago and partners.” — In the conditions of crisis and short term, given the requirements of the new rules (three months), few have time to comply with them. Thus, there is formed the situation when the employees of the state labour inspection can come to any enterprise and found a lot of violations.”

But for the workers themselves, these rules are definitely a plus. “Strict enforcement will reduce the level of injuries, diseases and mortality in enterprises — said the expert. — Employees will be more leverage on employers through the police and the state labour Inspectorate, which also will discipline entrepreneurs, since the responsibility for violations of rules of labour protection are tangible — up to criminal”.

For example, to suspend operations for 90 days or a fine of up to 200 thousand rubles, said the source “RG”. In the case if the health employee suffered serious harm or died, the guilty is threatened with imprisonment for a term of 5 years.

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