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“Disgusting eight”: all contacts Bulk — from bond to Browder

In anticipation of the release of the full version of the documentary film about the relationship of Alexey Navalny with foreign intelligence services “Ridus” recalls all that is known at this time on its foreign contacts.«Омерзительная восьмерка»: все контакты Навального — от Бонда до Браудера

Collage © Ridus.ru

The TV channel “Russia 1” presents the full version of the documentary film Evgenia Popova. On the basis of data obtained from personal correspondence ex-the adviser to the head of the Kirov region Alexey Navalny, journalists conclude the direct participation of Navalny in the operations of the intelligence services of great Britain and the USA against Russia. In addition, the film shows fragments of a Bulk correspondence with William Browder, founder of Hermitage Capital, by order of which the Bulk was engaged in corporate blackmail.

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By Navalny himself points to inconsistencies in the evidence base journalistic story, but also the lack of audio recordings of his conversations with Browder. Moreover, the same Bulk previously confirmed the authenticity of the other “dumping” the contents of his personal mailbox, demonstrating the close interaction of the head of “Fund of struggle against corruption” with Western intelligence agents and leading figures in the American funds, closely associated with the U.S. state Department.

Using data from open sources, and also verified hacked email archives, “the Guardian” recalls the passage of the Bulk of the program at Yale University for foreign students, during which the former official has established the most fateful for his political career contacts with Western structures.

#1: Alexei Navalny at Yale

Semi-annual training Navalny at Yale University in the USA under the program “YaleWorldFellows” took place in 2010. This scholarship program allows foreign students to study at Yale for free — in the framework of “public diplomacy” (public diplomacy). Moreover, the term “public diplomacy” in the States is commonly understood as “the promotion of national interests and foreign policy through direct advocacy and information work with the population of a foreign state” in the book “Bulk. The results” says CEO of the Center for political information Alexei Mukhin.

Since 1998 all the functions of “public diplomacy”, with the exception of broadcasting, were consolidated in the U.S. State Department. At the same time established the post of under Secretary for Public diplomacy and public Relations. Currently this position is occupied by Richard Stengel, who recently appeared in the controversial publications of WikiLeaks. Resource published the correspondence, where the official was trying to connect to “propaganda war” against Russia, representatives of the largest corporations in the field of film and entertainment (in particular, the company SonyPictures).

Thus in 2010, Navalny became a participant in a special program, managed at the end point the U.S. state Department. However, the close cooperation of the head of the FBC with the state Department was known two years earlier: according to some media reports, in 2007 to 2008 were registered Bulk contacts with American funds National Endowment for Democracy (NED) and National Democratic Institute (NDI). These non-profit organizations are also included in the structure “public diplomacy” and subject Gosdepartamenta USA. From this it follows that the passage program at Yale only cemented ties with Western Bulk funds.

#2: Michael Murphy

To the Director of NDI programs in Belarus Michael Murphy Navalny was released a year before the departure to Yale University. Future “fighter against corruption” asks a Murphy to introduce in the Kirov region the program of the FCPA (U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act).

We are talking about Federal US law on the fight against corruption in international activities with extraterritorial effects. According to the document, prohibited the provision — and even offering, promising or approval — of anything valuable (cash, material goods or intangible benefits) to any non-U.S. official, political party or candidate for political office for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business, or provide such business opportunities to any other person.

In this case, the American the fight against corruption can be interpreted as an attempt to gain American control over the Russian officials<cite>says Alexei Mukhin.</cite>

<cite>it Should be noted, Michael Murphy previously served as Advisor known for his Russophobic views of Senator John McCain.</cite>

#3: Robert Bond

In the published letters Bulk “Dolinskogo” period appears a Robert bond, known at that time in Moscow the diplomat, second Secretary of the political Department of the US.

However, doing a namesake of a secret agent of British intelligence not only routine activities of the Embassy staff, but also their participation in inconsistent with the authorities at an opposition rally in 2009:

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As can be seen from the correspondence, bond needed Bulk in order to get the contacts of Jamieson Firestone, heads a consulting firm named after himself, and to collect materials on the Magnitsky case.

Obviously, already at that time, in 2008-2009, Navalny looked after. And probably later invited to participate in training,<cite>involves the analyst Mukhin.</cite>

#4 and #5: Sergei Guriev and Oleg tsyvinsky

Economists Guriev and tsyvinsky were among the four people recommending Bulk to complete the programme at Yale University in the USA. In addition to the recommendations they have provided Garry Kasparov and Evgeny Albats. It should be noted, Oleg tsyvinsky is a current Professor at Yale.

While Guriev and tsyvinsky are part of the development team of the project “the Russia Balance sheet”. The project itself is depicted in detail on the website of the famous American think tank CSIS (Center for Strategic and International Studies), where the Trustee is Zbigniew Brzezinski, — the person, who needs no introduction,<cite>the author writes the book “the Bulk. Results”.</cite>

Zbigniew Kazimierz Brzezinski — the odious American political scientist and sociologist, former national security adviser of U.S. President Jimmy Carter and foreign policy Advisor to Barack Obama during the election race for the US presidency. Needless to add that Brzezinski is a Russophobe incurable?

#6: Fares Mabrouk

Navalny’s Yale classmates were people of different professions and countries — Indian businesswoman, Sudanese diplomats, the Mexican fighters with narcocrime, Australian lawyers and even a British radio presenter. According to Alexei Mukhin, the multitude of professions and nationalities due to the fact that the purpose of U.S. “public diplomacy” includes the preparation of not only political activists, but leaders in a variety of fields, United by common values and ideals.

Among the outstanding personalities that surrounded Navalny during the course of the “YaleWorldFellows”, the most notable is the colleague Navalny at Yale Fares mabrouk, an activist of the “Tunisian revolution”: he graduated at Yale, and returned to Tunis a few days before was the start of the event pits the “Arab spring”.

Mabruk himself openly admits to his participation in the revolutionary events: “My Yale program was associated with the creation of a think tank (thinktank), Arab political institution… So now a few days ago, last week, we assembled a think tank here in Tunisia. I have to admit that the program plays an important role in the formation of connections in the United States. Today I am in contact with many graduates, professors and other people I met during the training program at Yale”.

Shortly after the Tunisian events 2011 mabrouk organized the company of oil transportation in Tunisia, Algeria and Libya, which gives a very clear idea about the “talents” developed in the “YaleWorldFellows”.

#7: Kyle Parker

About the relationship Navalny with the CIA became known after the notorious hacking personal mailbox ex-official hacker Hellom. Agent name Kayla Parker surfaced in the correspondence of Navalny and Ilya Yashin.

Here’s the Bulk Yashin writes:

Hi! How was the trip?
I met yesterday in Washington with a man named Kyle Parker (Kyle Parker) from the governmental Comission on Security and Cooperation in Europe. This influential firm with ties to Congress, which can help to support information events. Parker is a very useful contact because cool-versed in Russian Affairs (his wife is from Ukraine, he speaks perfect English), knows in detail all of the current news. I told him, among other things, talked about the campaign, are you satisfied: Gazprom and VTB showed a video about Kuznetsova. All this is interesting to him, he asked you to make contact. Don’t want to meet him? Write him or call kyle. [email protected], (202)225-1901.

Later Navalny, Yashin will answer:

Hi. You, as I can see, is already on SIYA plow. Correct, well done. No, seriously I need all contact of this kind. I will write to him today. Thank you.
Sincerely, Bulk.

A fragment of a published correspondence from 2010, and literally blew up the blogosphere. “Read other people’s letters is not good. However as well as take other people’s money. Therefore, in my opinion, to read the letters who did their main occupation count money of other people, organizations and even States… normal,” wrote Alexander Evsin, known in the Runet under the name Eugene Schultz.

By studying the range of addressees and their letters to the Navalny, you see crowds of strange aliens offering financial aid. And sometimes in size, to put it mildly, rather big: there are suggestions from some of Denis Sukhotin, of a speculator, who “cannot live in Russia on moral grounds”. Now, conscientious trader, leaving mother Russia, offers a total of 100 000 dollars. For a start…

#8: William Browder

One of the main activities of the Bulk was and still is “shareholder activism” — or greenmail: this pressure is a minority shareholder at the management and Board of Directors to change the state of Affairs in the company.

One of the most famous greenmailer acting ever in Russia, is considered the owner of the investment Fund Hermitage Capital Management William Browder. After 1998, the Browder’s Fund was engaged in operations with securities of major Russian companies such as Gazprom, RAO UES, Sberbank, Surgutneftegaz and so on. Speaking as a minority shareholder, Browder regularly presented numerous public claims management and major shareholders of these companies in connection with attempts to dilute the shares of minority shareholders, policy dividends, corruption on the part of top management and ineffective corporate governance.

Bulk is rather a special kind of “political greenmail”, so as to convert the struggle with corporations into political capital. Meanwhile, the selection of Bulk companies to discredit its methods, similar to the way Browder,<cite>the analyst believes Mukhin.</cite>

About active interaction between Navalny and Browder the public learned in 2011 and 2012, after a series of two resonant hacks Inbox “fighter against corruption”. “This information, known as “Dear Mr. Browder!”, caused a serious resonance in the Russian blogosphere, Russian policy otvetiv from a number of previously loyal colleagues, says “plums” Alexei Mukhin. — This reaction is quite understandable, given the fact that Browder since 2005 he has been very active against the Russian authorities. In 2012, Browder was able to successfully lobby the adoption by the U.S. Congress for the discriminatory law called the Magnitsky Act”.

From published letters, it became known that the meeting with Browder and his associate Tom Fierstone Bulk obliged the familiar Michael Murphy. In addition, in letters to Browder Bulk according to the details of his dispute with VTB. The head of Hermitage Capital refused to participate in the case, but said that “with pleasure would help him with contacts in the foreign regulators and the media.” It should be noted, first letter Bulk Browder began with the words “I am a big fan of what you are doing” (“I’m a big fan of your work”).

The Director of the Center for political analysis Pavel Danilin in his interview to “Reedus” noted that for the analysis of cooperation Browder and Navalny should pay attention to the chronology of events:

In 2003-2004 funds NED and NDI are quite actively involved activists of the youth through organizations such as the youth “Apple”, “defense”, and so on. They were being prepared for the so-called “Moscow Maidan-2005”. Then Bulk and got hooked for the first time the U.S. state Department. Then he was an ordinary employee “Apple”, nothing representing, went to a meeting with Sergei Mitrokhin. Later, in 2006, when Browder got the heave, Navalny began his acting company, the successor of his case. These are interrelated processes: Browder finishes to have grymala in Russia, because access to Russia’s lost — and is starting to do Bulk.

According to Danilin, Navalny took the “baton” from the Browder that “obviously works for the U.S. intelligence and the UK.” “It turns out that Navalny played a role of the agent agent. If he held any public office, could walk to prosecution as a traitor to the Motherland. But since he engaged in public activities, we can only award the Bulk of public censure, but does, unfortunately, not to draw on the criminal code”.

Cooperation Navalny and Browder and dedicated to documentary journalists of VGTRK. The premiere of the film “the Browder Effect” Yevgeniya Popova will take place on TV channel “Russia 1” in the framework of the program “Special correspondent”.

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