The IEF co-chair Greenberg called to change the Prime Minister.
Once opened the Moscow economic forum (IEF). It has become a platform for experts and businessmen who disagree with the government and Central Bank economic policies. Don’t like all expensive loans — the key rate at 11% is actually prohibitive and does not allow you to take loans for development. Therefore, the participants of the IEF each year is increasingly Express discontent with the policies of the Kremlin. It serves as a catalyst: the conflict between power and business in Russia is growing by leaps and bounds.
photo: Alexei Merinov
At the entrance to the forum formed a huge line – conference hall of the Lomonosov Moscow state University housing could not accommodate all comers. Some of the participants are located in the corridors where they were watching TV broadcast. Moderator and co-chair of the forum, scientific Director of the Institute of Economics RAS Ruslan Grinberg apologized for it, saying that the organizers did not calculate such a large number of applications. “You know, this event is organized at the expense of the co-founders of the forum. explained Greenberg. – To the Kremlin Palace of congresses we are apparently not yet Mature enough”.
Speakers took “the bull by the horns”. Former Finance Minister of Poland Grzegorz Kolodko constantly put caustic comments: “You is not the marketeers. If you need to make a unique thing – that the Russians, if the serial – to anyone not just you. The Americans would take $25 for their participation in the forum and the problem with a lot of people would be solved”.
In fact, Grzegorz Kolodko to some extent right. He was the author of “shock therapy” for Poland in 1989. Even then he “liberated” and transformed the centrally planned economy of their state from planned to market.
In Russia, this experiment was not 100%. Prevented raw component. In Kolodko is sarcastic justification: “In Russia there is oil, but there is no progress. But there is no progress because there is oil.”
However, Kolodko in this sense is not original. The “resource curse” of Russia say to all and Sundry: not only independent but Pro-government analysts. Oil prices are falling, the ordinary people of Russia begin to count every penny. Short and to the social revolution — how to pay for utilities when and to buy food. Kolodko in his speech at the IEF advised Vladimir Putin to make the income of ordinary Russians grew faster than the rich. “Then there will be no revolutions. So could not last long – a year, two, four, five max. Still need to carry out a real restructuring of the economy,” predicts Kolodko.
Can trust him. In the early 1990-ies with the filing of the millions of poles were forced to sell the last on the sidewalks of Warsaw and other cities of the country to feed the country. Someone survived, someone got lucky. Now the GDP of Poland, whose population is 4-5 times less than in Russia, for this indicator can compete with our country.
With the fact that Russia has not yet grown to the level of a country that can call itself a market, agreed another ex official of the high rank of world — ex-IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn.
He recalled that during the high oil prices of non-oil sectors of the Russian economy are far behind from the global economy. “Commodity economy is defective – not working properly. There is no other way as diversification. No reliance on large structures and on small and medium business”, — said Strauss-Kahn.
However, Strauss-Kahn and takes the blame. “The attempt of the Europeans to create in Russia the mechanisms of the market, which are used in Europe, failed. Not included features of countries. Economics is not physics, it’s people, culture, history. You can’t just copy the political institutions. This is not enough. Somewhere works, somewhere not. Attempt to create in Russia and other countries, the mechanisms to which they are accustomed, fail, because each country must find its own path of development,” he said. Moreover, he was strongly against the economic impacts on our country. “Sanctions against Russia — very bad. In 2016, will be found the solution of this issue. It will disappear from politics.”
Domestic macroeconomists who spoke at the MEF, there have been suggestions and some worse. Ruslan Grinberg advised to change the Prime Minister of Russia and to cancel the taxes on investments that go into the real economy, as well as introduce a progressive scale of taxation.
Only in the perspective of this perfection yet not all believe. Vsevolod Oia, the head of chkalovskoye rural settlement in Primorsky Krai, told what the price local farmers are given crop. “Compare the attitude of local authorities towards the Russian and Chinese business. We pay for the electricity at a tariff 5,53 ruble, neighbors — 1.5 rubles. A similar picture emerges in the area of loans — the percentage of loans to small and medium business in Russia reaches 50 (including insurance, fees for considering an application for a loan, making contracts, etc.). The Chinese government gives out loans at 1.5 to 2%”.
According to him, citizens are afraid once again the light bulb to turn on, while the program of resettlement to the far East discussed at the Federal level. “People once a week can take a shower. It seems that the officials hate ordinary citizens,” said Vsevolod Oia. In his opinion, to stop the outflow of population from the Far East is possible only by reducing fees for electricity, gas and water.
Actually Vsevolod I caught the baton from another Russian businessman Dmitry Potapenko, who spoke about the same thing in December 2015 at the section of the IEF. The last named economic policy of the Russian authorities “sawing” and “redistribution of the market stuck to the officials of the companies.”
A kind of point put the discussion set by the Dean of the economic faculty of Moscow state University Alexander Auzan: “You don’t know what the laws in Russia, nothing serious decide? The way out of the crisis — the question of investment. Who will be these investments to invest? If the government, it will introduce capital controls. Goldeneh a total of 14 trillion rubles, and in the hands of the population is 31 trillion. If we want to attract them, we need to develop the pension system, bonds, proceed to direct taxation. – The crisis we will come, I’m sure, but what’s next? We have no growth prospects,” notes the economist.
Berries Leonid, Nikolay Makeev