It was the rulers of Ancient Egypt developed the first system layout of large settlements.
Archaeologists under the direction of Egyptologist Nadine Moeller (Nadine Moeller) from the Institute of Oriental studies at the University of Chicago, came to the conclusion that some of the pharaohs was personally involved in urban planning.
Press release published on the University website.
According to scholars, the rulers of Ancient Egypt developed the first system layout of large settlements. Previously it was believed that thoughtful urban planning began to engage the Greeks, however, in light of recent discoveries, it seems possible that the urbanism invented by the pharaohs of the fourth dynasty, who ruled during the old Kingdom about 2500 BC. The settlement was built according to the standard scheme with perpendicular streets and equally spaced houses.
Archaeologists also explored the layout of the Egyptian Middle Kingdom settlement of El Lahun whose construction was under the control of the ruling circles, on the basis of extant ancient documents and satellite images. El Lahun was created for the governors and priests who were responsible for the safety of the funerary complex of Senwosret II, who lived in 1870-1831 years BC.
For settlement characterized by the repeating arrangement of the houses as well as empty space, which if necessary could be used for the construction of new buildings. Houses formed blocks, which were separated from each other by streets arranged at right angles.
Scientists have shown that many of the principles used in modern urban planning, had already taken place in Ancient Egypt. People can rebuild the house to fit their needs without violating the General plan of the city. Some of the settlements resembled suburban areas of the United States.