On the eve of memorial dates.
June 22 in Russia, Belarus and Ukraine, to commemorate the anniversary (1941) the beginning of the great Patriotic war: on this day, Nazi troops invaded the USSR. Post is dedicated to facts about various episodes connected with the great Patriotic war.
The Siege Of Leningrad
During the siege of Leningrad, in contrast to many other famines, there have been no major epidemics, despite the fact that hygiene in the city was, of course, much below normal levels because of the almost complete lack of water supply, Sewerage and heating.
Repair of equipment
Karelian front was the only one of the fronts of the great Patriotic war, which was not sent to the rear for the repair of military equipment and weapons. Repair is done in special parts, as well as enterprises of Karelia and Murmansk region.
The Plan “Barbarossa”
On July 4, 1941 Hitler declared: “I always try to put myself in the position of the enemy. Almost he has already lost the war”.
Only on the Karelian front for the transport of goods were used such types of transport as reindeer and dog sleds.
Battle for Moscow
“The grandfather of the Soviet special forces” by I. G. Starinov remembered that there was Stalin’s order to turn the suburbs into the snowy wilderness. The enemy had only to stumble on cold and ashes. The text was scattered in millions of copies in separate guerrilla zones. There it was stated: “Drive the Germans into the cold!”
World leaders about the battle for Stalingrad
King of great Britain sent to the people of Stalingrad an endowment sword, the blade of which is in Russian and English languages was engraved the inscription:
The citizens of Stalingrad, strong as steel — from king George VI in token of the homage of the British people.
On behalf of the people of the United States of America I present this letter to the city of Stalingrad to commemorate our admiration for his valiant defenders, courage, fortitude and dedication that during the siege of September 13, 1942 to January 31, 1943 will forever inspire the hearts of all free people. Their glorious victory stemmed the tide of invasion and was a turning point in the war the allied Nations against the forces of aggression.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
May 17, 1944. Washington
On the personal order of Stalin on his jacket was carried by a service dog-sapper’bars, found more than 7 thousand mines and 150 rounds wounded shortly before the war ended. A worn tunic without shoulder straps was delivered to the Central school. There he made a kind of tray. And at the Victory Parade, the commander of the 37th battalion demining major Alexander Mazover marched carried the dog past the podium with the Supreme Commander.
A marine killed two officers and 21 soldiers blew up the enemy
On 13 July 1941 in the battles near the city of Balti (Moldova), upon delivery of ammunition in his company near the town Fox sled machine gun company 389 th infantry regiment 176 th infantry division 9-th army of the southern front the red army D. R. Ovcharenko was suddenly faced with a detachment of soldiers and officers, numbering 50 people. At the same time the enemy took possession of his rifle. However, Ovcharenko kept his head and, snatching from carts axe, cut off his interrogating officer’s head after thrown into the enemy soldiers 3 grenades, killing 21 soldiers. The rest are in a panic began to scatter. Then he caught the second officer in the garden the town Fox and also beheaded him. A third officer managed to escape. After the battle, the native of Kharkov province were collected from dead documents and maps, and together with the cargo arrived at the company.
Village real heroes
The village of Camlibel (Chardakhlu) became known as the birthplace of many heroes of the great Patriotic war. From the natives of the village went to the front of 1250 people. Half of them were awarded orders and medals, two became marshals (Hamazasp Babajanyan and Ivan Bagramyan), twelve generals, seven heroes of the Soviet Union.
Veliky Novgorod, survived the occupation
Soviet troops liberated January 20, 1944, Novgorod the Great, found the city completely destroyed and deserted. Of the 2,500 houses survived only 40. Were destroyed or badly damaged almost all monuments of architecture, including Saint Sophia Cathedral and the monument “Millennium of Russia”. At the time of liberation in the city there were only 30 residents — the rest were either deported to Germany or were killed by occupation forces.
By order of Lieutenant-General Heusinger, March 1-2, 1943 was destroyed Koryukovka (Chernihiv region) (was 1390 burned houses, killed more than 7,000 local residents) is the largest mass massacre of civilians during the Second world war. All occupants burned 334 settlements in Ukraine during the war.
Camels in the service
In the great Patriotic war in the Soviet troops was part of the 28th reserve army, in which a tractive force for the guns were the camels. It was formed in Astrakhan, during the fighting at Stalingrad: the lack of cars and horses forced to fish in the vicinity of wild camels and to tame them. Most of the 350 animals were killed on the battlefield in the battles, and the survivors were transferred to the economic side or sent to zoos.
The Holocaust in Odessa
November 1941 marked the mass murder of Odessa Jews. 17-25 October 1941, when it was shot or burned alive 25-34 thousands of citizens. Dealt with a population of Romanian and German troops. In the history of this period is known as “the murder of the Jews of Odessa”.
The guerrilla movement
In total, in 1941-1944 in the occupied territory of the USSR 6 200 guerrilla groups and connections, the number of partisans and underground fighters is estimated at 1 million people. More than 128 000 partisans and underground fighters were awarded orders and medals of the USSR (248 of them received the title hero of the Soviet Union).
The famine in Leningrad
For 872 days the siege of Leningrad died in the city almost 1,500 000 people. Ie, for the time you spent viewing this post in Leningrad from hunger, diseases or explosions died 3 people.