Home / Policy / Leaving a minority

Leaving a minority

Уезжающее меньшинство

Russia risks to lose the last of the educated and enterprising citizens

“The number of people wishing to emigrate from Russia is declining,” reports a new report “Eurobarometer in Russia” survey, conducted by the Center for sociological research of Victor Vakhshtayn. Seemingly great news, especially for Jingo. View, however, is in the details. First of all, the reduction of the willing “to bring down” due to the General low level of social mobility in the country. Only 25% of respondents say that they are going to move to another town within the next three years, and only the tenth part is going to relocate abroad. Approximately 1/3 of Russians while in principle involve moving to another region, and 23% said they would like to go to another city their own region. Reduced the number of people wishing to move to Moscow — the dream of a life abroad, sold domestically. About the capital thinks mostly young people up to 24 years, i.e. students. Emigration to other countries expect young professionals 25-35 years old. But three-quarters of Russians generally prefer to sit at home.

The desire to emigrate, correctly point out sociologists, due to the presence of the experience of visiting abroad. Logical: he who has seen Paris, wanted would rather have it die than one who never was, and the world looks through the eyes of the state TV channels. The situation is aggravated by the economic crisis. Due to the reduction of income at the end of last year, about one-third of those who more or less traveled in other countries, began to save in foreign tourism and in most cases simply refused such luxury. It should be understood that more than half of Russians have not been abroad even once. Even in Moscow, where the indicators are different than the national average, only 58% of respondents said they could afford at least one trip abroad in my life. Only 10% of Muscovites are abroad more often than once a year, throughout the country, these people — less than 4%. Thus, according to the “Eurobarometer” survey, 4/5 of Russia’s population (i.e. about 80%) either have never been abroad, or went there only once.

Two other motive, pushing to leave, in addition to practical knowledge of what the foreign world and how people live there, this is a high level of education plus dissatisfaction with life in their country. Very significant, as the horizon of ambition in relation to their own mobility associated with their education. People with secondary education more often than not the dream move on a neighboring city, holders of a University degree willing to relocate to another region or a major metropolis, those who have experience in obtaining additional education were enrolled in distance courses, trainings, etc., often dreams of a life abroad. Conversely, the rejection of emigration, as well as from travelling within the country, usually associated with lack of confidence in their abilities, unwillingness to take risks, run their own business. Not differing neither broad-minded nor professionalism, our most prefer may be small, but stable salary in rubles, one way or another adapting to the adversities of fate. If possible, without going outside.

Good education begets ambition, and they, in turn, is dissatisfaction and the desire to change something. But to change anything in the country, many are not looking, so I think to change the country to another. If earlier, in the relatively prosperous years, the monitoring of the “Eurobarometer”, the Russians wanted to leave because he thought that their life had improved and wanted to live better, it is now the main incentive to leave is the realization that the situation is deteriorating. The five stimuli included low salaries (74%), unemployment (60%), bad roads and traffic (66%), high cost of housing and the inability to save for their own apartment (56%), and low quality of healthcare (54%). Sociologists have to recognize that intending to go abroad much more often dissatisfied with the political situation and do not believe in the economic future of the country.What conclusions can we draw from these numbers? During the crisis, the Russians gradually sober, trying to realistically assess my chances. Most cannot afford to travel abroad and especially emigration. Travel hampered by falling income, and an obstacle to emigration becomes the average low level of education does not meet the requirements of developed countries. Most formed in recent years in Russia, is not prone to changes in personal destiny, and in the country. This is the most docile rather than aggressive. All know what is bad and will get worse, but to take nothing you want. Because I do not know how and are afraid to take risks. The General background is different a group of disgruntled, insignificant in number, but very valuable for the country. This is the last remaining in the country truly well-educated and tend to personal business the people. This is what is constantly shrinking in Russia human resource the country stands to finally lose if the change required by the minority, and not come.

Check Also

The UN’s ‘unofficial man’

Raphael Lemkin, a stateless Jewish refugee who died penniless, gave mankind’s greatest crime its name. …