History is replete with “presidents of the exiles”.
Viktor Yanukovych (President of Ukraine from 2010 to 2014)
The President of Ukraine fled the country in February 2014. Immediately after he was on the territory of Russia, Viktor Yanukovych expressed their desire to continue the political struggle. At a press conference he stated that he will never recognize the decision of the Parliament of Ukraine on his dismissal from the post of head of state and believed himself the legitimate President of Ukraine. In December 2015, while a year and a half in exile, Yanukovych reaffirmed the intention to return to politics. In one interview he said that maintaining ties with current Ukrainian politicians. “Many of them are not so shy and not so afraid… They already feel comfortable when we meet and discuss the issues,” — said Yanukovych
However, living near Moscow eks-the President among his former colleagues, to put it mildly, ambiguous. In August 2015, during the press-conference dedicated to the establishment of a “Committee of rescue of Ukraine”, the former head of the Cabinet of Ministers Mykola Azarov stated that “the Committee should not include those who were closely associated with the previous President of Ukraine”. A former Deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Igor Markov considers that Yanukovych “has to sit in the dock together with the current regime” (that is, with Petro Poroshenko and his entourage).
At home Yanukovych for obvious reasons do not favor, and colleagues living in Russia, disown him. In General, the former Ukrainian leader — the outcast and the Ukraine, and Russia sheltered him, and with such baggage policy return is unlikely. But a comfortable existence, apparently, Yanukovych is currently provided. According to the former Advisor to the government of Ukraine on economic issues Anders Aslund, the condition of the fugitive Ukrainian leader and members of his family is estimated at $ 12 billion.
Tulip exile Askar Akayev (President of Kyrgyzstan from 1990 to 2005)
24 March 2005 Kyrgyz President Askar Akayev left the Republic and moved to Russia. The flight of the head of state was due to people’s protests, dubbed the “Tulip revolution”.
The ex-President of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev during an interview at the cottage. Photo: Vasily Shaposhnikov / Kommersant.The ex-President of Kyrgyzstan Askar Akayev during an interview at the cottage. Photo: Vasily Shaposhnikov / Kommersant.
In his first interview after the forced departure of Askar Akayev has said that he wants to continue to live in Bishkek to study the physics (until the beginning of his political career he was one of the leading Soviet specialists in the field of holography, PhD, President of the Academy of Sciences of the Kirghiz SSR in 1989-1990). But in Kyrgyzstan, he never came back. In 2013, in an interview, Akaev explained his decision to leave the homeland: “there’s a Reason those who overthrew me, silent that the bloodshed happened after my departure. I decided that it’s better I’ll be a fugitive, but my hands are blood of my people.”
In August 2014 in Bishkek died elder brother of the former President, and he was going to the funeral. As reported by Kyrgyz media, Akayev has canceled a trip already on the road to the airport — he was warned about a possible arrest immediately on arrival in Bishkek. And this, in turn, could give the impetus for another “color revolution” — despite a long absence from the country, there still remained loyal to the former leader of the force.
In a rare interview, Akaev has consistently emphasized that policy is not engaged, busy only with science and is in “his element”.
By the way, who replaced Akayev, President of Kyrgyzstan, Kurmanbek Bakiyev, also in exile. Not only in Moscow and in Minsk. In April 2010, the country again began rioting, the President left the capital and fled to the Jalalabad region. After negotiations with representatives of the opposition, Bakiyev has agreed to resign in exchange for security of his family and himself. Already in Belarus, Bakiyev called the interim government of the opposition “gang of impostors and refused to admit his previously announced resignation as the decision was taken under pressure.
Apparently, Bakiyev quickly received Belarusian citizenship. In 2013, he said that is a citizen of this country about two years. Then he said that “left politics, once and for all”. “Now I have been raising children and grandchildren, that is the work time that is missed sorely,” said Bakiyev.
Jasmine exile of Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali (President of Tunisia 1987-2011)
28 April 1986, the President of Tunisia Habib Bourguiba was appointed Minister of interior Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali. “He deserves it. He has a strong grip, and he will be able to keep the country in the hands”, — said the father of the nation” (the official title of Bourguiba).
How these words proved to be prophetic, it turned out after a year and a half. Early on the morning of November 7, 1987 Tunisian radio suddenly interrupted the transmission and said that the 84-year-old life President Habib Bourguiba deposed that “the father of the nation” took from the day of proclamation of the Republic in 1957. A Palace coup led by the British Prime Minister, Ben Ali. In a radio address he informed compatriots that the head of state cannot perform his duties “for health reasons”. The medical report was signed by seven of the leading physicians of the country, and assured the Prosecutor of the Republic. 23 years later, in January 2011, Ben Ali, the first victim of the “Arab spring”, was forced to flee.
He received asylum in Saudi Arabia. June 20, 2011, the court considered the case of Ben Ali, in absentia, sentenced him and his wife to 35 years in prison and a fine of $ 65 million. After the verdict, Ben Ali gave the media its first since the defection of the official statement in which has called all the charges are trumped up and claimed that on the plane flying to Saudi Arabia, he was lured by deceit. A year later, after re-trial in the summer of 2012, Ben Ali was sentenced in absentia by the Military Tribunal of Tunis to life imprisonment for the murder of demonstrators during the uprising in the country in early 2011.
To return home to the rest of your life to spend behind bars, the fugitive President of Tunisia was not going. The more money he had. Foreign accounts of Ben Ali, which kept tens of millions of dollars frozen. However, during the flight he “took” with a 1.5 tons of gold worth $ 60 million. And “in reserve” during the years of his 23 year rule of Ben Ali and his family members withdrew from the country about $ 20 billion.
In 2011 it became known that the former President of Tunisia suffered a stroke and slipped into a coma. In particular, French sources reported that Ben Ali was hospitalized in one of hospitals for members of the Royal family in Jeddah under an assumed name, so as not to attract public attention. Informants claimed that the disease Ben Ali — a direct result of the shock from the “Jasmine revolution” and subsequent flight. But whether the rumors were exaggerated, whether Saudi medical miracle.
In 2013 in Instagram users found pictures of Ben Ali on the page of his son Mohammed. Access to them was quickly closed. To establish when the pictures were taken before the illness of the former Tunisian leader, or after, failed. Experts believe that if Ben Ali and alive, it is unlikely to adequately perceive the reality.
Exile and returnee Alberto Fujimori (President of Peru from 1990 to 2000)
Currently serving 25-year prison sentence at home. The way of the President’s chair on the bench was tortuous. In 2000, after the re-election for a third term, Alberto Fujimori was in the midst of the “war of compromising materials”. The opposition and its related journalists published a video exposing the head of state. In the lenses of hidden cameras were the official persons invited on behalf of President of bribes to officials and politicians. Further — more. 11 Nov 2000 in Colombia, published an interview with Roberto Escobar, an older brother of the legendary Colombian drug trafficker Pablo Escobar. Roberto claimed that he personally saw as a younger brother transferred money to the campaign Fujimori. This was the last straw, the country’s Mature real riot.
On 13 November 2000, President Fujimori went to the APEC forum in Brunei, and at home never came back ― from the summit, he fled to Japan, where he requested asylum. According to Japanese law, any person of Japanese nationality, regardless of citizenship, has the right of asylum in the country (parents Fujimori come from the land of the rising sun).
In the place of “work” Fujimori faxed a statement for addition from itself powers of the head of state. However, the Peruvian Congress did not accept his resignation and impeached through impeachment with the wording “persistent moral failures”.
In Japan, Fujimori spent five years, but in 2005 decided to return home. “The ex-President, someone said that Peruvians will accept him with open arms. Incredibly, he believes it,” said former spectacular Peru Jose Carlos Sanchez died away. Fujimori went to Chile. Elected President of the country but not yet entered at that time in office, Michelle Bachelet has called the Minister of interior and said: “I don’t want this man remained in Chile”.
In November, at the request of Peruvian authorities, nominated in respect of the charges Fujimori for 10 episodes (corruption and human rights violations), he was arrested. After spending six months in jail, he made bail, but was forced to stay in Chile during the pendency of his case for extradition. In September 2007 the Supreme court of Chile upheld a Peruvian request for the extradition of Fujimori. As a result of several trials, Fujimori received a 25 years prison for 77-year-old former President actually means life imprisonment. According to various estimates, in the period of his reign, Fujimori withdrew from the country several hundred million to half a billion dollars. The money was never found.
The daughter of former President Keiko Fujimori is currently participating in the presidential elections. According to the latest data, it is only slightly inferior to the other candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski. It is possible that, if elected, Keiko President, the fate of her father will change. After all, the pardon of criminals is within the competence of the President.